The Israel-Palestine conflict re-erupted in mid-May, leading to the worst violence and unrest in the region in years. The escalating conflict has caused a growing number of casualties. Beijing initially limited itself to calling for restraint from both parties. It took a clearer stance as the situation escalated.
China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi called for an immediate ceasefire at the May 16 United Nations Security Council (UNSC) open debate on ‘The Situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian Question.’ Wang also asked the UNSC to help de-escalate the situation. He put forward China’s four-point proposal, which involved: (1) calling for a ceasefire and for Israel in particular to exercise restraint, (2) calling on the international community to provide humanitarian assistance to Palestine and on Israel to lift the blockade on Gaza, (3) urging the UNSC to take action, (4) providing support for the ‘two-state solution’ as the “fundamental way forward.” Wang also offered to mediate between Israel and Palestine, inviting both sides to “open up dialogue” and “engage in direct talks in China.”