Barbara Pongratz, Research assistant at MERICS, provided the chapter on Germany and asserts that the broad economic appeal of China and its traditionally non-transparent channels of influence have been viewed more critically in the recent past leading to a dwindling of China’s soft power effectiveness in the country. She says that “consequently, China has had to become more assertive and use coercive measures to shape its image.” This assertiveness has however received a largely negative reception, with criticism towards China intensifying.
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The European Think-tank Network on China (ETNC)
is a gathering of China experts from a selection of European policy research institutes. It is devoted to the policy-oriented study of Chinese foreign policy and relations between China and European countries as well as China and the EU.